Our Mission Statement
Our mission at Louisville Physical Medicine is to deliver patient-centered care with compassion and excellence.
Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology). Medical imaging seeks to reveal internal structures hidden by the skin and bones, as well as to diagnose and treat disease. Medical imaging also establishes a database of normal anatomy and physiology to make it possible to identify abnormalities. Although imaging of removed organs and tissues can be performed for medical reasons, such procedures are usually considered part of pathology instead of medical imaging.
A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease. It generally follows the taking of the medical history—an account of the symptoms as experienced by the patient. Together with the medical history, the physical examination aids in determining the correct diagnosis and devising the treatment plan. This data then becomes part of the medical record.
Mayo Clinic defines a bone scan as a nuclear imaging test that is used to diagnose and monitor multiple types of bone disease. Doctors typically order bone scans if a patient has a bone injury or abnormality that can't be detected on a standard X-ray. The scans can also be used to determine if cancer that started in a different part of the body has spread to the bones.
CT scans are performed by a CT scanner. This imaging machine rotates around patients while shooting X-ray beams toward them. A computer that is connected to the machine then creates separate slices, or images, of the body. A doctor can thread the slices together to examine the different structures of the body.
MRI scans are useful for diagnosing conditions such as torn ligaments and tumors and are especially valuable for examining the brain and spinal cord. Since an MRI scan uses a magnetic field, it is important for the patient to inform his health care professional if he has pieces metal in his body, such as from shrapnel or a bullet injury. It is also necessary for the patient to mention any implanted devices, such as pacemakers or artificial joints.
X-rays are standard procedures. In most cases, you won’t need to take special steps to prepare for them. Depending on the area that your doctor and radiologist are examining, you may want to wear loose, comfortable clothing that you can easily move around in. They may ask you to change into a hospital gown for the test. They may also ask you to remove any jewelry or other metallic items from your body before your X-ray is taken.
Always tell your doctor or radiologist if you have metal implants from prior surgeries. These implants can block X-rays from passing through your body and creating a clear image.
Electromyography (EMG) is used to determine the cause of pain by evaluating the condition of muscles and nerves. For example, this test can reveal whether a nerve is being pinched in the spine or the periphery of the body (such as arms or legs). It can also identify pain states and diseases specific to the muscle itself.
In an EMG test, a small needle with an electrode is inserted in the muscle to measure and record its electrical activity. Based on the pattern of multiple muscle responses, the physician can identify the cause of the pain.
A Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) is the second portion of what is usually called an EMG test. NCS is a means of activating nerves to gauge their response. In this study, small electrical shocks are sent through the nerve, and electrodes are placed on the skin to record the signal.
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